Albrecht Dürer's Melancholia
They say that the magic square in Albrecht Dürer's Melancholia is interesting because the painter's goal was to show the year of the sad event (the death of his mother in 1514 AD) that provoked his melancholia. This worthy goal had several unintended consequences. The couples of symmetric quadruplets (first+ultimate and second+penultimate) form identical trapezoids, the second of which is rotated by 180 degrees. There is one more interesting thing: the sums of numbers on the numbered vertices of the two hexagons - blue (3+2+14+15) and red (10+11+7+6) - equal the magic constant of the square.
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